IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : Ice Research and Engineering : 22nd Symposium_Singapore (2014) : THEME 2- RIVER, LAKE AND RESERVOIR ICE : UNDER-ICE CIRCULATION, MODIFIED BY THE EARTH?S ROTATION, IN AN ARCTIC LAKE
UNDER-ICE CIRCULATION, MODIFIED BY THE EARTH?S ROTATION, IN AN ARCTIC LAKE
Author : K. Graves , B.E. Laval , A.L. Forrest , and G. Kirillin
Recent field observations and numerical modelling challenge the commonly held view that fluid motion under lake-ice is insignificant. This growing body of evidence indicates that under-ice circulation is an important mechanism for lateral and vertical transport of heat and pollutants in ice-covered lakes. Using direct measurements of temperature, conductivity and water column velocities in an ice-covered arctic lake, further field observations of circulation on a basin-wide scale over the entire lake depth are presented. These observations were made during a 2013 field research campaign in Lake Kilpisj?rvi, Finland (approximately 69 N, 21 E). During the field
File Size : 2,246,730 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : Ice Research and Engineering
Category : 22nd Symposium_Singapore (2014)
Article : THEME 2- RIVER, LAKE AND RESERVOIR ICE
Date Published : 13/07/2016
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