IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : Ice Research and Engineering : 22nd Symposium_Singapore (2014) : THEME 7- SPECIAL SESSIONS : SEASONAL LAKE ICE
Author : Matti Lepp?ranta
In the boreal zone, tundra, and high mountain regions in lower latitudes, lakes freeze over in winter. The ice season may last more than half a year, and the thickness of the ice can reach one meter. Solid ice cover has been an excellent base for traffic across lakes and to transport cargo. Until about mid-20th century the cold content of lake ice sheet was utilized. The evolution of a lake ice season is primarily a thermodynamic process, where snow accumulation is an essential factor. Ice breakage and mechanical displacements take place in very large lakes and also in smaller lakes when the ice is weak. Decay of lake ice cover is a thermo-mechanical process,
File Size : 68,459 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : Ice Research and Engineering
Category : 22nd Symposium_Singapore (2014)
Date Published : 13/07/2016
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