Author(s): Zhiyong Dong; Wenqian Zhao
Linked Author(s): Zhiyong Dong
Keywords: Cavitating flow; Reynolds stress; Square multi-orifice plate; Turbulence intensity; Velocity distribution
Abstract: Currently, in water supply engineering, the conventional technique of disinfection by chlorination is used to kill pathogenic microorganisms in raw water. However, chlorine reacts with organic compounds in water and generates disinfection byproducts (DBPs) such as trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs) etc. These byproducts are of carcinogenic, teratogenic and mutagenic effects, which seriously threaten human health. Hydrodynamic cavitation is a novel technique of drinking water disinfection without DBPs. Turbulence structures of cavitating flow were observed by the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique in a self-developed hydrodynamic cavitation device due to square multi-orifice plates, including effects of orifice number and orifice layout on velocity distribution, turbulence intensity and Reynolds stress, which aimed at uncovering mechanism of killing pathogenic microorganisms by hydrodynamic cavitation.