Author(s): R. Zucca; S. Frongia; A. Sulis; G. M. Sechi; S. Liberatore
Linked Author(s): Andrea Sulis
Keywords: WARGI-SIM; Flood mitigation; Reservoir operating rules; Flood damage function
Abstract: The increased level of impact on life and infrastructure and the environment caused by flooding in Sardinia (Italy) has resulted in the need for the Flood Risk Management Plans (FRMP). The FRMP has been developed by Sardinian Region Administration that selected the Coghinas Basin (North Sardinia) as a pilot basin in according with the EU and National legislation. Recently, the European Flood Directive 2007/60/CE has stated that the flood-risk evaluation should include a cost–benefit analysis and an integrated decision-making tool should help optimize operating rules for multipurpose reservoirs, primarily with regard to the mitigation of flood risks and high priority demand supplies, and selected flood control works. The main purpose of this study was to develop an integrated flood management model to predict flood inundation in the flood-prone areas for various probabilities of occurrence, identify the flood operating rules in a multipurpose reservoir which accomplish a reduction in flood risk, and assess the total damage due to flooding. The FRMP is currently assessing the impacts of new reservoir operating rules reservoir and new works for flood damage mitigation. Based on a calibrated benefit–cost analysis, the proposed model suggested the best scenario of reservoir operating rules and flood control works with a significant saving of money compared to the actual scenario in the FRMP.