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Characteristics of Shoreline Changes in Artificial Headland Coast

Author(s): Mikio Sasaki

Linked Author(s): Mikio Sasaki

Keywords: Beach erosion; Coastal sediment; Artificial headland; Shoreline change; Dominant incident waves; Erosion countermeasure

Abstract: Artificial headlands were constructed along the Misawa coast of Japan to prevent beach erosion caused by the construction of the Misawa fishery port in 1971. The artificial headlands of total 13 have been constructed in sands of15km in the north coast of the Misawa fishing port. The artificial headlands are sequentially named B1, B2, and B13from the south. The B1 headland was constructed at the north coast of 2Km from the Misawa fishing port, the headlands were constructed with the interval of 1 km in the north coast, and B13 was the artificial headland on the north side. In order to assess the protection afforded by the artificial headlands, monitoring of shoreline changes was undertaken by conducting monthly GPS surveys and aerial photographs Based on the average position of the shorelines in 2009, advance of the shoreline has occurred along the coasts to the north and south of headlands B1, B3, and B11 The headlands B1 and B13 are in the south end and in the north end of the headlands group. Those lengths are 200 and 100meters. The shorelines of the coasts to the north and south of headlands B5, B7 and B9 were stable, and the coast to the north of headland B13 was retreating. While the position of the shoreline along the north coast changes every month, change in the position of the averaged shoreline has decreased since the latter half of 2004. In conclusion, the artificial headlands were effective measures for countering beach erosion along the Misawa coast.


Year: 2010

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