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Hydropeaking in Himalayan Rivers Associated Effect on Aquatic Life, Flood Management and Sediment Transport

Author(s): Siba Sen

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Abstract: India have hydropower capacity of 46,000 MW. Large number of projects are in the category of run of the river schemes with daily pondage. For many decades hydropower in India specially of Himalayan rivers have also functioned as base load power stations like thermal, nuclear and other fossil fuel projects. No peaking or off peaking power of worth was being generated in such hydropower stations except during dry seasons of few months and that also for limited time in a day. As the requirement of power went on increasing in India and search of sustainable power generation became primary goal, generation of power by renewable energy like power from wind, sun and small hydro became priority. In last few decade growths of renewable power in India has been phenomenal. However, in a day of 24 hours daily generation of renewable power is possible for few hours depending upon the effective wind in a day or sunlight hours in a day and intermittent flow in small stream. India is aiming to have 40 % of the total installed capacity by the year 2030 based on non-fossil fuel sources. This translates to about 235 GW of renewable energy by the year 2030.


Year: 2022

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