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Solute Transport in Open-Channel Flow with Kinetic Sorptive Exchange

Author(s): Chiu-On Ng; T. L. Yip

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Keywords: Taylor dispersion; Open-channel flow; Solute transport; Sorptiveexchange; Sediment transport

Abstract: A theory is presented for the transport in open-channel flow of a chemical species under the influence of kinetic sorptive exchange between phases that are dissolved in water and sorbed onto suspended sediments. The asymptotic method of homogenization is followed to deduce effective transport equations for both phases. The transport coefficients for the solute are shown to be functions of the local sediment concentration and therefore vary with space and time. The advection speed of the solute is larger than that of sediments, but is smaller than the discharge velocity in the presence of sediments. The three important controlling parameters are the suspension number, the bulk solid-water distribution ratio and the sorption kinetics parameter. It is illustrated with a numerical example that when values of these parameters are sufficiently high, the advection and dispersion of the solute cloud can be dominated by the sorption effects. The concentration distribution can exhibit an appreciable deviation from Gaussianity soon after discharge, which develops into a long tailing as the solute cloud gradually moves ahead of the sediment cloud.


Year: 2001

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