Author(s): Yao Lu; Xiaohui Su; Junjie Li
Keywords: Flow visualization and imaging; gate motion; hydraulic sluice gate; open channel flow turbulence; OpenFOAM; rotating and swirling flows; two-phase flow
Abstract: In this paper, a domain-topology-based, two-phase, incompressible flow model is proposed to simulate transient flow variations associated with the gate opening motions of water conservancy projects, such as hydropower stations with plain and radial gates. The research source code is written in the OpenFOAM platform and incorporates the interDyMFoam solver. Two benchmark experiments were performed in the laboratory to validate the numerical results. The water level, pressure, flow pattern and development of vortices were recorded for comparison with numerical solutions. The results show that the relative error associated with the weir flow time was less than 5.00%. Moreover, good agreement was obtained between the time history curves of the free surface elevation and pressure based on numerical and experiment results. The detailed flow pattern reflects the simulation capability of the model, which can be used to numerically investigate the generation mechanisms of vertical vortices around gate grooves. The proposed model can be applied to further investigate flow variations in real hydraulic engineering applications.