Author(s): Sara Mesgari Sohani; Mohamed Salah Ghidaoui
Keywords: Boltzmann method; finite volume; high frequency wave; one-dimensional method; waterhammer
Abstract: It is becoming evident that high resolution finite volume (FV) numerical schemes for multi-dimensional waterhammer problems are needed for the development of an accurate transient-based condition assessment of pipelines. As a prerequisite, FV methods for one-dimensional waterhammer flows need to be developed. Such models can then be applied to multi-dimensional problems via directional splitting. In this paper, two FV schemes (one uses Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook Boltzmann (BGK) and the other uses kinetic flux vector splitting (KFVS) in the flux approximation) for one-dimensional waterhammer problems are formulated and applied. It is found that the KFVS and BGK schemes correctly capture discontinuity fronts in a classical reservoir-pipe-valve system. An oscillation-free collision time formulation has been proposed, tested and found to be robust. The stability of the proposed schemes is guaranteed when Cr<0.5. Comparison between the BGK, KFVS, fixed-grid MOC, and first and second order Godunov schemes reveals that the second-order Godunov performs best, followed closely by the BGK scheme. However, the BGK should not be quickly dismissed since it is known that its real power becomes evident when dealing with complex physics, multi-scale and multi-dimensional problems.