Author(s): Yann Peltier; Sebastien Proust; Nicolas Riviere; Andre Paquier; Koji Shiono
Keywords: Flood modelling; flow-structure interactions; laboratory studies; separated flows; turbulent mixing layers
Abstract: The present study deals with turbulent flows in an asymmetrical compound channel with an embankment set on the floodplain, perpendicularly to the longitudinal direction. The main purpose of this study was to assess how a rapidly varied flow affects interaction between the floodplain flow and the main channel flow. In addition to rapid changes in the water level and velocity across the compound channel that have a great influence on the boundary shear stress distribution, the embankment, through two recirculation zones developing upstream and downstream, is also responsible for strong lateral mass exchange between the main channel and the floodplains (channel sub-sections). The lateral velocity can indeed reach 50% of the longitudinal velocity, which modifies the characteristics of the mixing layer developing between the channel sub-sections. Depth-averaged Reynolds shear stresses five times greater than those measured for reference flows are recorded within the mixing layer, which indicates that the turbulent exchange is also impacted by the lateral mass exchange.