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On inducing equations for vegetation resistance

Author(s): M.J. Baptist; V. Babovic; J. Rodríguez Uthurburu; M. Keijzer; R.E. Uittenbogaard; A. Mynett; A. Verwey

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Keywords: Vegetation; roughness; resistance; genetic programming; knowledge discovery

Abstract: The paper describes the process of induction of equations for the description of vegetation-induced roughness from several angles. Firstly, it describes two approaches for obtaining theoretically well-founded analytical expressions for vegetation resistance. The first of the two is based on simplified assumptions for the vertical flow profile through and over vegetation, whereas the second is based on an analytical solution to the momentum balance for flow through and over vegetation. In addition to analytical expressions the paper also outlines a numerical 1-DV k–e turbulence model which includes several important features related to the influence plants exhibit on the flow. Last but not least, the paper presents a novel way of applying genetic programming to the results of the 1-DV model, in order to obtain an expression for roughness based on synthetic data. The resulting expressions are evaluated and compared with an independent data set of flume experiments


Year: 2007

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