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Local scour around bridge piers

Author(s): Y. M. Chiew; B. W. Melville

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Abstract: Local scour around cylindrical bridge piers in uniform, cohesionless sediment was investigated experimentally. Three empirical functions which relate equilibrium scour depth with approach velocity, sediment size and How depth were obtained. The variations of equilibrium scour depth with approach velocity show that the depth of scour decreases at velocities just above the threshold until it reaches a minimum at about twice the threshold velocity. Thereafter, it increases again until a maximum is reached at the transition flat bed condition. At still higher velocity, the equilibrium scour depth decreases due to the formation of antidunes. Both the effects of sediment size and flow depth were found to be independent of the stage of bed particle motion and the approach velocity. Adjustment factors, for the effects of sediment size and flow depth were defined and evaluated.


Year: 1987

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