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High Wave Coniditions Due to Typhoons Measured at an Offshore Observation Tower

Author(s): Yasuyuki Baba; Teruhiro Kubo; Nobuhito Mori; Yasunori Watanabe; Tomohito Yamada; Ayumi Saruwatari; Junichi Otsuka; Yusuke Uchiyama; Junichi Ninomiya; Tomoya Shimura

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Keywords: Typhoon; High wave; Field observation

Abstract: This paper shows some observation results on high wave condition due to typhoons measured at an offshore observation tower. Japan is affected by typhoons every year, and some typhoons cause serious damages in Kii peninsula and its surrounding areas sometimes. In 2018, three typhoons (No.20, 21, 24) approached around the Kii peninsula, and the severe wave conditions caused by the typhoon Jebi (No.21) and the typhoon Trami (No.24) are observed at the observation tower of SOO. During the typhoon Jebi and the typhoon Trami approaching, the maximum significant wave heights reach 9.60m by the typhoon Jebi and 11.09m by the typhoon Trami, respectively. On the other hand, wave condition caused by the typhoon Cimaron (No.20) is relatively milder than the ones by the typhoon Jebi and the typhoon Trami, even though a central atmospheric pressure and the distance between the center of the typhoon and the observation tower are similar to those of the typhoon Jebi and the typhoon Trami. In case of 2018, it is pointed out that the magnitude of high wave condition is associated with the offshore wave direction around Kii peninsula because the observation site opens to the south-west (between about 190deg and 240deg). In this paper, the factors and backgrounds related to high wave conditions by typhoons are discussed based on the observation results including other typhoon cases.

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Year: 2020

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