Author(s): Francisco Taveira-Pinto; Liliana Almeida; Lucília Luís
Linked Author(s): Francisco Taveira Pinto
Keywords: Rubble mound breakwater; Cubic blocks; Single layer; Video image analysis
Abstract: The armour layer of traditional rubble mound breakwaters is in general designed and built with two layers of blocks. However, in recent projects, one single layer of special blocks has been proposed and used (e. g. Accropode) .The main reason for this is the cost reduction due to the decrease in the number of blocks needed. The main objective of this work is to analyze the evaluation of the stability of models of cubic blocks rubble mounds in a single armour layer structure, and to take this into account in future developments. The physical tests performed in the Hydraulics Laboratory of the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto were also planned to analyze the velocity fields near the breakwater through image processing techniques. With this experimental setup, it was possible to study, not only the general behavior of the armour layer, but also the influence of the blocks’density, the characteristics of the filter layer underneath the cubic blocks, the wave steepness and the depth at the breakwater’s toe. This study tries to explain the origin and evolution of damage on the exposed layer of the structure. The interpretation of the effects on the physical model was supported by the outcome from the processed images, namely through the velocity fields, the dynamic areas and the envelope of the flow near the breakwater. At the same time, information regarding wave reflection on the structure was also obtained. The performance of the cubic blocks in a single armour layer structure was satisfactory, proving that this can be an alternative to the traditional solutions, with economic benefits. .