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Simulation-Based Assessment of Tsunami Evacuation Scheme in an Urbanized Area at Southern Coast of Japan

Author(s): Tomoharu Hori; Yosuke Wada; Daisuke Nohara

Linked Author(s): Tomoharu Hori, Daisuke Nohara

Keywords: No Keywords

Abstract: A tsunami evacuation simulation model has been developed and applied to the tsunami prone area in Shizuoka city, which is located at the southern coast of Japanese main island facing to the Pacific Ocean. The model developed can deal with individual’s walking behavior to a shelter including avoidance, taking over and following. Several case studies by the developed model show the beneficial effect of building a new tsunami evacuation tower. The evacuation tower can save larger number of people than its capacity. In contrast, the possibility of making new victims is also pointed out. This calamity, however, can be avoided by making zone-based evacuation planning which considers the relation among the current and destination locations and estimated tsunami arriving time.


Year: 2016

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