Author(s): Gokhan Kirkil; George Constantinescu
Linked Author(s): George Constantinescu
Keywords: Bridge scour; Eddy resolving techniques; Detached eddy simulation; Rectangular piers; Experiments
Abstract: An eddy resolving technique is used to reveal the unsteady dynamics of the coherent structures present in the flow field around an in-stream vertical cylinder with a scour hole at a channel Reynolds number of 240, 000. Such an investigation is important, as most of the erosion around obstacles present in alluvial streams takes place after a scour hole of sufficiently large dimensions to stabilize the large-scale oscillations of the horseshoe vortex (HV) system has formed. The cylinder has a rectangular section and is placed perpendicular to the incoming flow. The geometry of the scour hole is obtained from an experiment. The mechanisms driving the bed erosion during the advanced stages of the scour process around the vertical plate are discussed. Simulation results demonstrate the critical role played by these large-scale turbulent eddies and their interactions in driving the local scour. Results show that important changes in the structure of the wake (e. g., the wake loses its undular shape due to suppression of the anti-symmetrical shedding of the roller vortices) and the nature of the interactions between the necklaces vortices of the HV system and the eddies present inside the detached shear layers (DSLs) occurs, as the scour process proceeds. This means that information on the vortical structure of the flow at the initiation of the scour process, or during its initial stages, are insufficient to understand the local scour mechanisms.