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Flash Flood Simulations Based on Shallow Water Equations to Investigate Protection Measures for El Gouna, Egypt

Author(s): E. Marafini; F. Tugel; I. Ozgen; R. Hinkelmann; M. La Rocca

Linked Author(s): Ester Marafini, Reinhard Hinkelmann, Franziska Tugel, Ilhan Özgen-Xian, Michele La Rocca

Keywords: Hydroinformatics modeling system; Mitigation measures; Shallow water equations; Urban flooding

Abstract: Severe and sudden events like flash floods are considered to be one of the most hazardous environmental disasters. Therefore, predicting the whole process of flooding is fundamental to prevent urban damages. In this context, the simulation of flash floods is an important tool to analyse the flow processes in order to find solutions to the problem. In this work, a case study of the flash flood event of 9th March 2014 in the city of El Gouna in Egypt was carried out using the Hydroinformatics Modeling System (hms), a twodimensional (2D) shallow water model developed at the Chair of Water Resources Management and Modeling of Hydrosystems, Technische Universit"at Berlin. The flooding processes are simulated in great detail on unstructured grids. The aim of this work is to investigate the flow field around the settlement of the study area, when structures such as storage basins and dams are adopted as protection measures for the city. Different scenarios are analyzed to find out the most suitable one, which is able to minimize the risk during the flash flood event.


Year: 2018

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