Author(s): Baosheng Wu; Bangwen Zhang; Yang Shi; Shaowu Li
Keywords: Bed load; Sediment concentration distribution; Sediment transport rate; Suspended load; Turbulence intensity
Abstract: The processes of sediment transport in high flow intensity are studied through numerical simulation using a coupled CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-DPM (discrete particle method) model with a focus on discussing the co-existence problem of bed load and suspended load and the corresponding sediment concentration distribution. It is shown that for the sediment-laden flows, the components of turbulence intensity decrease slightly as sediment concentration increases. The bed load and suspended load both coexist in a transition layer. Particle collision plays an important effect on the velocity of bed load movement. The total sediment transport rate obviously increases with the increase of flow intensity, but the bed load transport rate does not clearly increase. In the present study, the maximum value of suspended sediment concentration curve is about 7%, and increases with the increase of the flow intensity. The simulation results are generally consistent with experimental observation.