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Shallow Flow over a Bed with a Lateral Change of Roughness

Author(s): Victor Dupuis; Frederic Moulin; Sebastien Cazin; Mose Marchal; Pierre Elyakime; Jean-Dominique Barron; Olivier Eiff

Linked Author(s): Olivier Eiff

Keywords: No Keywords

Abstract: River beds frequently exhibit a lateral variation of roughness. For example, in the case of an overflowing river, the main channel has a smoother topography compared to the adjacent floodplains where vegetation and land occupation yield an important hydraulic roughness. The lateral difference in roughness can induce a high lateral velocity gradient within the river crosssection that gives birth to a mixing layer. This mixing layer leads to fluid and momentum transfers between the two adjacent beds. To understand such mixing processes in rivers is important for predicting stage-discharge relationships and the velocity distribution within the cross-section. In order to address these issues in the context of a shallow water flow with a water depth h of the same order as the roughness elements of the bed, experiments were undertaken in a26 m long and 1.1 m wide glass-walled open-channel flume. One half-side of the bed was covered with an array of cubes of height k arranged in a square configuration, the other side with smooth glass. Three different levels of cube submergence h/k were examined (h/k=0.8, 1.5 and 2). The experiments and measurements were designed to yield the flow in the complete volume of the interstices across the cube array. To achieve this, 2C-3D linear-scanning PIV measurements with zero-parallax optics were developed and set up. The measurements revealed the complexity of the flow structure around the interface between the rough and smooth beds. The results show that the ability of the mixing layer to exchange momentum is highly dependent on the level of the cube submergence h/k.


Year: 2018

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