Author(s): V. Ruiz-Villanueva; L. Burkli; B. Mazzorana; L. Mao; D. Ravazzolo; P. Barren; E. Wohl; F. Nakamura; M. Stoffel
Linked Author(s): Virginia Ruiz-Villanueva
Keywords: No Keywords
Abstract: Organic material (i. e., trees, branches, wood in general) is commonly neglected among the classical criteria to distinguish flow types, mostly due to the lack of direct observations of flows in which this load is significant. However, in forested basins, large amounts of wood can be transported. Here we define and characterize, for the first time, wood-laden flows and show that these flows may occur repeatedly in a river basin, carrying substantial amount of organic material, with probable impacts on the ecosystem and potential hazards. We propose a novel classification of flows from clear water to hypercongested wood debris flows, according to the composition of sediment, wood and water. Our results will contribute to a better understanding of flow phenomena in forested river basins, which may facilitate the design of better management strategies.