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Reservoir Sedimentation Impact Downstream in a Semi-Arid Basin with Greenhouses Cultivation

Author(s): Sergio Arjona; Agustin Millares; Asuncion Baquerizo

Linked Author(s): Agustín Millares

Keywords: No Keywords

Abstract: This work analyzes the loss of storage, in a medium-term basis, of Beninar reservoir (Almeria, Spain) built in a semiarid watershed and its consequences downstream. The reservoir, in the Adra river basin (Southern Spain), was designed to supply water for the irrigation of more than 28.000 hectares of greenhouses. Its storage volume, that was initially of 68 hm3 in 1984, has been reduced approximately to half. The total sediment volume arrived to the reservoir during the last 32 years is 6,8hm3, of which 1,68 hm3 are estimated to come from fluvial contributions. The results remark the torrential nature of rainfall events for generating large sediment contributions and highlights the importance of taking into account these types of events. The total loss of storage is especially relevant from two points of view 1) reduction of flood abatement due to sedimentation and structural problems of dam, which has left only 2 hm3of regulation capacity and 2) loss of water volume which is essential to improve the water quality of the overexploited and salinized aquifers which supply the greenhouses downstream. Beninar reservoir is a key infrastructure to preserve a competitive price of water for greenhouse cultivation.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20184003006

Year: 2018

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