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How does climate change affect ice formation and presence in rivers, lakes and oceans, as well as its impact on infrastructure

Author(s): Knut Alfredsen; Robert Bridges; Hayo Hendrikse; Knut Vilhelm Høyland; Tomasz Kolerski; Matti Leppäranta; Lu Peng; Xinlei Guo

Linked Author(s): Knut Vilhelm Høyland, Knut Alfredsen, Robert Bridges, Hayo Hendrikse, Matti Leppäranta, Peng Lu, Xinlei Guo

Keywords: IAHR; Hydrolink; climate change; river ice; lake ice; sea ice; climate change; infrastructure; Knut Alfredsen; Robert Bridges; Hayo Hendrikse; Knut Vilhelm Høyland; Tomasz Kolerski; Matti Leppäranta; Lu Peng; Xinlei Guo

Abstract:

Ice season in rivers, lakes, seas and oceans is sensitive to climate change due to the high homologous temperature. Two vital aspects of the predicted climate change are increasing average air temperature and increasing variability in the weather. These cause delayed formation of ice, thinner ice and shorter durationof seasonal ice covers, the geographical ice margin to movefurther away from the equator, the perennial ice to becomethinner and decrease in extent, and as a result the fraction offirst-year ice becomes higher.

DOI:

Year: 2022

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