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Comparative Study on Effect of Extreame Weather and Urbanization to Flood of Typical Rivers in Japan

Author(s): Kentaro Yamamoto, Kenichiro Kobayashi, Satoru Oishi

Linked Author(s): Satoru Oishi

Keywords: Water resources, climate change impact, urbanization impact, flood, snow

Abstract: The impact of extreme rain, urbanization and snow amount variability in typical rivers in Hyogo prefecture as a microcosm of Japan is investigated. In Mukogawa River, urbanization greatly advanced around Sanda, but its influence on the outflow process was relatively small at Sanda in the main stream and large in a tributary of Nagano River. Therefore, when evaluating the influence of urbanization on the outflow of rivers, it is necessary to pay attention to the rate of change of land use in the entire catchment. In the Kishidagawa River, it was found that there was a big difference in the amount of snow water in the watershed in the spring season between the year of much snow and the year of little snow. In the years with little snow, it turns out that the use of stable snow melting water cannot be expected. Based on these results, we considered that the risk of water problems in the river basin of Japan will further increase with the change of climate and life style. From now on, what kind of action will be taken according to the risk and how to inform people of the risk will be a problem


Year: 2017

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