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Predicting contraction scour with a two-dimensional depth-averaged model

Author(s): Yong G. Lai; Blair P. Greimann

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Keywords: Aggradation; contraction scour; hybrid mesh; sediment transport; 2D model

Abstract: Contraction scour is often encountered in natural rivers due to natural geological controls, bridges, or river restoration structures. Such scour may be better predicted with multi-dimensional than one-dimensional models. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a two-dimensional depth-averaged model is adequate for modelling contraction scour. This study shows that improved predictions are obtained with the present model relative to previous model investigations. The study also shows that the current model is adequate for predicting contraction scour and model results are comparable with those of three-dimensional modelling except for the prediction of aggradation downstream of the contracted channel section.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00221686.2010.481846

Year: 2010

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