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Effects of Sediment Supply by Bypass Tunnels on Bed Topography, Grain Size, and Invertebrate Habitat

Author(s): Sohei Kobayashi; Christian Auel; Tetsuya Sumi; Yasuhiro Takemon

Linked Author(s): Christian Auel, Tetsuya Sumi

Keywords: Sediment bypass; Downstream environment; Bed materials; Quadrocopter

Abstract: To understand the effects of sediment bypass on environmental recovery of the degraded channels below dams, bed topography and bed materials above and below dam reaches were surveyed by ground-based measurements and aerial photos using quadrocopter. Coarse bed materials such as boulders were more represented below than above the Koshibu dam, where the bypass tunnel had not been in operation yet. The coarse materials formed steps and protruded in the water column within riffles and runs, both of which can increase slow-flow areas, below the dam. On the other hand, sand, gravel, and cobbles were abundant below as much as above the Asahi dam, where the bypass tunnel had been operated for>17 years. The downstream environment in terms of bed topography and grain size seems to have almost been recovered for the Asahi dam. However, less representation of large cobbles and boulders below the dam suggested a possibility of a selective deposition of coarse materials at the upstream of the bypass tunnel inlet.


Year: 2016

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