Author(s): Mojtaba Mehraein; Masoud Ghodsian; Anton J. Schleiss
Keywords: Densimetric Froude number; impinging jet; laboratory experiment; scour; wall jet
Abstract: Experiments involving both a circular wall jet and an impinging jet were conducted, as occurring at irrigation control structures or at dams with combined crest and low-level spillways. The effects of the non-dimensional parameters on the scour hole dimensions have been investigated. It was found that the effect of the expansion ratio of the channel width to the jet diameter is negligible for values larger than 22.5 and 35, depending on the experimental conditions. The scour depth decreases with increasing tailwater depth and the horizontal distance between the impinging jet and the origin of the wall jet. The scour length and the distance between the end of the ridge and the wall jet origin increase with decreasing densimetric Froude number of the impinging jet. The opposite trend occurs for decreasing densimetric Froude number of the wall jet. An empirical relationship for estimating the scour depth due to the simultaneous jet action is given.