Fluid dynamics is the engineering science dealing with forces and energies generated by fluids in motion. Fluid dynamics and hydrodynamics play a vital role in everyday life. Practical examples include the flow motion in the kitchen sink, the exhaust fan above the stove, and the air conditioning system in our home. When driving a car, the air flow around the vehicle body induces some drag which increases with the square of the car speed and contributes to excess fuel consumption. Engineering applications encompass fluid transport in pipes and canals, energy generation, environmental processes and transportation (cars, ships, aircrafts). Other applications include coastal structures, wind flo
C. Marjolein Dohmen-Janssen, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher
Around the world, many people live, work and recreate in river, estuarine and coastal areas, systems which are also important wildlife habitats. It is imperative to understand the physics of such systems. A key element here is morphodynamics: the mutual interaction and adjustment of landform topography and fluid dynamics involving the motion of sediment. The numerous interacting processes involved, such as large- and small-scale hydrodynamics, sediment transport dynamics, growth and decay of bed perturbations or larger bed forms, biological processes and human interferences make morphodynamics a challenging scientific issue. These proceedings bring together contributions from some 200 scient
This new book offers an engineer's perspective on the history of water technology and its impact on the development of civilisation. A Second Edition and translation into English of the French book "L'Hydraulique dans les Civilisations Anciennes". Water professionals, engineers, scientists, and students will find this book fascinating and invaluable to their understanding of the fundamental role of water engineering in the development of civilization. The book abounds with descriptions of hydraulic techniques in the civilizations of the classical era and the Middle Ages, including illustrations and translated descriptions of ancient observers and authors. The work is uniqu
Gary Parker,Marcelo H. García
The Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics offers the latest research results concerning quantitative modelling of the interaction of water and sediment and the shapes this interaction makes. Morphodynamics is the study of the evolution of landscape and seascape features, from small scale to large, in response to the erosion and deposition of sediment. The erosion and deposition of sediment is in turn driven by an interaction between the mechanics of flow in a river, debris flow or turbidity current and the mechanics of sediment transport by the flow. Morphodynamics offers an avenue for the explanation of the evolution of consistent, self-adjusting mo
Massimo Greco, Armando Carravetta, Renata Della Morte
RiverFlow 2004 is the Second International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, organized as speciality conferences under the auspices of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) within its Fluvial Hydraulics and Eco Hydraulics Sections. RiverFlow conferences are a significant forum of discussion for many researchers involved in river modelling and observation. The intense landuse of the last century and the lack of adequate sustainable development policies, threaten river flow. Water is of vital importance in human life, and it is imperative that we have a better understanding of river processes and an adequate management of fluvial areas. These papers c
I.C.Xu Goulter, K.S. Tickle, S. Wasimi
The growing pressure on the world's water resources coupled with the increasing vulnerability of society to the impacts of extreme events, has resulted in a need to consider explicitly the stochastic processes which underly the environment in which water resources & hydraulic infrastructure is constructed. The effective and practical integration of the theory and application of hydraulics with probabilistic analysis is one of the most challenging tasks facing researchers and practioners working in design, operation, and management of water resources infrastructure under these conditions. This symposium reports on the latest developments in stochastic hydraulics across a wide range of
W.H. Hager, D.L. Vischer
Energy dissipators are an important element of hydraulic structures as transition between the highly explosive high velocity flow and the sensitive tailwater. This volume examines energy dissipators mainly in connection with dam structures and provides a review of design methods. It includes topics such as hydraulic jump, stilling basins, ski jumps and plunge pools. It also introduces a general account of various methods of dissipation, as well as the governing flow mechanisms.
Eduard Naudascher, Donald Rockwell
Designed for engineers, this work considers flow-induced vibrations. It covers topics such as body oscillators; fluid loading and response of body oscillators; fluid oscillators; vibrations due to extraneously-induced excitation; and vibrations due to instability-induced excitation.
Describes both physical and biological processes of pollution in aquatic environments. This text introduces theories and means of predicting the scale of environmental pollution and counter-measures. It also describes optimal allocation methods of facilities for sewage treatment.
Zhaohui Wan, Zhaoyin Wang
Considers hyperconcentrated flow, a phenomenon peculiar to the Yellow River Basin. The feasibility of using the potential for sediment carrying by hyperconcentrated flow can also be applied to topics such as hypertransport, debris flow and sediment releases from reservoirs.